In the Name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most Merciful
Indeed all praise is due to Allah, we praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness, we seek refuge with Allah from our soul’s evil and our wrong doings, he whom Allah guides, no one can misguide, and he whom He misguides, no one can guide.
May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad the Messenger of Allah (SAW) and his family and Companions and all who follow them in righteousness until the Day of Judgment.
Dear respective brother and sisters,
below is the explanation of the significant of the dua recommend by the prophet SAW for the last 10 night of Ramadan.
Aisha, May Allah be pleased with her, said: I asked the Messenger of Allah:
‘O Messenger of Allah, if I know what night is the night of Qadr, what should I say during it?’
The Prophet SAW said: “Say: O Allah, You are pardoning and you love to pardon, so pardon me “Reported by Ibn Majah, and Tirmidhi).
The transliteration of the dua is:-
“Allahumma innaka `afuwwun tuhibbul afwa fa`a fu annee”
And the Arabic text is as written below
اللْهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي
The meaning of the dua is broken down as follows
اللْهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ
O Allah, You are pardoning
and You love to pardon
so pardon me
From all the dua of the Quran and Sunnah, the Prophet SAW specified this dua for the last 10 nights showing us how profound it is. One of Allah’s beautiful names, Al-‘Afuww (the Pardoner) and it appears five times in the Qur’an and four times with Al-Ghafoor (the Most Forgiving)
Difference between ‘Afuww and Ghafoor
Al-‘Afuww comes from the root ‘afw, which means to hide, obliterate, or remove something.
This meaning connotes ‘pardoning’, which is when one looks over another’s error and does not take them to account for it. Technically, it means Allah’s protection from trials and sicknesses for the believers (i.e.… safety and well-being).
On the Day of Judgment, we may find that many sins we committed are not in our record, this is ‘afw, which is when Allah completely removes your sins from your record as if you never committed them. When it comes to
‘afw Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala said: “And He pardons much” [Ash-Shura 42:34]
Al-‘Afuww pardons His Servants by not calling them to account for their sins and erasing their sins from their records. Not only does Allah pardon and remove our sins, but He Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala loves to Pardon, as is implied in the dua above.
Al-Ghafoor comes from the root ghafar, which means to cover, conceal, and shield. When Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala forgives a sin, it means that He covers it and conceals it.
Al-Ghafoor is the One who does not expose the sins of His Slaves. He shields and protects His Slaves from the consequences of their sins and still forgives even though He is All-Aware of the wrong they committed.
When it comes to Al-Ghafoor, He will forgive the sins but they will appear in your record. Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala Said “Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgives anything else, to whom He pleases.” [An-Nisa’ 4:48]
Al-Ghafoor is the One who forgives any sin regardless of the size as long as one seeks sincere repentance. Al-Ghafoor even forgives sins when we does not seek repentance because it is out of Allah’s Mercy that when a Muslim does certain acts, these acts will automatically have some or all of their sins forgiven.
The sins that Allah did not erase will appear in our record, but Al-Ghafoor can still forgive them.
The Prophet SAW said, “There would come people amongst the Muslims on the Day of Resurrection with sins as heavy as a mountain, and Allah would forgive them.” [Muslim]
When Al-‘Afuww and Al-Ghafoor are paired together, it shows how Merciful and Compassionate Allah is. He Pardons much, and for those sins He does not Pardon, He will forgive and conceal if He Wills.
May Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala pardon all our sins, past, present and future, make the Ummah benefit from this work and keep our hearts firm on His guidance. AMIN