Significant of the ‘dua’ recommend by the prophet SAW for the last 10 night of Ramadan.

In the Name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most Merciful

Indeed all praise is due to Allah, we praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness, we seek refuge with Allah from our soul’s evil and our wrong doings, he whom Allah guides, no one can misguide, and he whom He misguides, no one can guide.
May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad the Messenger of Allah (SAW) and his family and Companions and all who follow them in righteousness until the Day of Judgment.

Dear respective brother and sisters,
below is the explanation of the significant of the dua recommend by the prophet SAW for the last 10 night of Ramadan.

Aisha, May Allah be pleased with her, said: I asked the Messenger of Allah:

‘O Messenger of Allah, if I know what night is the night of Qadr, what should I say during it?’

The Prophet SAW said: “Say: O Allah, You are pardoning and you love to pardon, so pardon me “Reported by Ibn Majah, and Tirmidhi).

The transliteration of the dua is:-

“Allahumma innaka `afuwwun tuhibbul afwa fa`a fu annee”

And the Arabic text is as written below
اللْهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي

The meaning of the dua is broken down as follows
اللْهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ
O Allah, You are pardoning

تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ
and You love to pardon

فَاعْفُ عَنِّي
so pardon me

From all the dua of the Quran and Sunnah, the Prophet SAW specified this dua for the last 10 nights showing us how profound it is. One of Allah’s beautiful names, Al-‘Afuww (the Pardoner) and it appears five times in the Qur’an and four times with Al-Ghafoor (the Most Forgiving)

Difference between ‘Afuww and Ghafoor

Al-‘Afuww comes from the root ‘afw, which means to hide, obliterate, or remove something.
This meaning connotes ‘pardoning’, which is when one looks over another’s error and does not take them to account for it. Technically, it means Allah’s protection from trials and sicknesses for the believers (i.e.… safety and well-being).

On the Day of Judgment, we may find that many sins we committed are not in our record, this is ‘afw, which is when Allah completely removes your sins from your record as if you never committed them. When it comes to

‘afw Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala said: “And He pardons much” [Ash-Shura 42:34]

Al-‘Afuww pardons His Servants by not calling them to account for their sins and erasing their sins from their records. Not only does Allah pardon and remove our sins, but He Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala loves to Pardon, as is implied in the dua above.

Al-Ghafoor comes from the root ghafar, which means to cover, conceal, and shield. When Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala forgives a sin, it means that He covers it and conceals it.

Al-Ghafoor is the One who does not expose the sins of His Slaves. He shields and protects His Slaves from the consequences of their sins and still forgives even though He is All-Aware of the wrong they committed.

When it comes to Al-Ghafoor, He will forgive the sins but they will appear in your record. Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala Said “Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgives anything else, to whom He pleases.” [An-Nisa’ 4:48]

Al-Ghafoor is the One who forgives any sin regardless of the size as long as one seeks sincere repentance. Al-Ghafoor even forgives sins when we does not seek repentance because it is out of Allah’s Mercy that when a Muslim does certain acts, these acts will automatically have some or all of their sins forgiven.
The sins that Allah did not erase will appear in our record, but Al-Ghafoor can still forgive them.

The Prophet SAW said, “There would come people amongst the Muslims on the Day of Resurrection with sins as heavy as a mountain, and Allah would forgive them.” [Muslim]

When Al-‘Afuww and Al-Ghafoor are paired together, it shows how Merciful and Compassionate Allah is. He Pardons much, and for those sins He does not Pardon, He will forgive and conceal if He Wills.

May Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala pardon all our sins, past, present and future, make the Ummah benefit from this work and keep our hearts firm on His guidance. AMIN

Abdullah ibn Mubarak and the learned old woman

Abdullah-ibn-al-mubarak (rahimaullah ) once said: I [once] went out to perform Hajj in Allah’s sacred house and visit His messenger’s masjid. On my way I saw the dark outline of a person. I tried to
see who it was and finally found that she was an old woman wearing a loose garment and a scarf.

I said to her: “Assalamu alaikum” and
she said: “Salaamun [Peace be upon you], a word from a Merciful Lord.”
[Quran 36:58]

I then asked her: “May Allah have mercy on you! What are you doing in this place?” and she answered: “And one whom Allah leaves astray – for him
there is no guide.” [Quran 39:23] Upon this I realised that she had lost her way.

I asked her: “Where are you going?” she said: “Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa..” [Quran 17:1]

I then understood that she had performed Hajj and was going to the sacred house in Jerusalem. I then asked her: “How long have you been
here?” she replied: “..For three. nights..” [Quran 19:10]

“I cannot see any food with you.” I asked. She replied: “And it is He who feeds me and gives me drink.” [Quran 26:79]

I asked: “What do you make wudu with then?” She replied: “and find no water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and your hands [with
it].” [Quran 4:43]

I said: “I have some food with me. Would you like to have some?” She replied: “Then complete the fast until the sunset.” [Quran 2:187]

I said: “But we are allowed not to fast while making a journey, you know.” She replied: “But to fast is best for you, if you only knew.” [Quran 2:184]

I said: “Why do you not talk to me as I talk to you?” She replied: “Man does not utter any word except that with
him is an observer prepared [to record].” [Quran 50:18]

“Who are you then?” I asked. She replied again: “And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart – about all those [one] will be
questioned.” [Quran 17:36]

“I am sorry. I have made a mistake.” I said. She replied: “No blame will there be upon you today. Allah will forgive you.” [Quran 12:92]

I said: “Would you like to mount my Camel so that you can catch up with the caravan?” She said: “And whatever you spend of expenditures or make of vows – indeed, Allah knows of it.” [Quran 2:270]

When I made the Camel kneel down, she said: “Tell the believing men to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things)” [Quran 24:30]

I lowered my gaze and when she was about to mount the Camel, this latter got startled and as a result of this, tore her clothes. She said: “And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have
earned.” [Quran 42:30]

I then told her to mount it and she said: “Glory to Him who has subjected this to us, and we could never have it (by our efforts). And verily, to Our Lord we indeed are to return!” [Quran 43:13-14]

She took hold of the rein while I walked along, shouting out. She said at this: “And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower your voice.” [Quran 31:19]

I then started walking slowly and reciting some poetry. But she said: “So, recite you of the Quran as much as may be easy for you.” [Quran 73:20]

I said to her: “You have truly received abundant good.” She said in reply to this: “But none remember (will receive admonition) except men of understanding.” [Quran 2: 269]

After a short while I asked her: “Are you married?” “O you who believe! Ask not about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble.”. [Quran 5:101] came the reply.

I then kept silent until we caught up with the caravan. I asked her: “Who do you have in this caravan?” She said: “Wealth and children are the adornment of the life of this world.”. [Quran 18:46]

This answer gave me the idea that she had children. So I asked her: “What do they do in Hajj?” She said: “And landmarks (signposts, etc. during the
day) and by the stars (during the night), they (mankind) guide themselves.” [Quran 16:16]

I understood by this that they work as caravan guides. When we reached the buildings I asked her: “Who do you know living here?” She said: “And Allah did take Ibrahim (Abraham) as a
Khalil (an intimate friend).” [Quran 4:125]; “and to Musa (Moses) Allah spoke directly.” [Quran 4:64]; “O Yahya (John)! Hold fast the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah)].” [Quran 19:12]

I then called out: “O Ibraheem! O Musa! O Yahyaa!” and three young men with shining faces came forward.
When they sat down she said to them: “So send one of you with this silver coin of yours to the town, and let him find out which is the good lawful food, and bring some of that to you.”. [Quran 18:19]

One of them left and returned soon afterwards with some food which he placed in front of me. She said: “Eat and drink at ease for that which you have sent on before you in days past!” [Quran 69:24]

I addressed her sons, saying: “I won’t touch your food until you tell me of your mother’s story.” They said: “Our mother has taken upon herself the task of speaking nothing but the verses of Quran lest she should commit for a sin which could lead to Allah’s wrath upon her. And she has
been in this habit for forty years now.”

I said: “That is the Grace of Allah, which He. bestows on whom He wills. And Allah is the Owner of Mighty Grace.” [Quran 62:4]

[Qasasul-Arab: 2/190]
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